How can a portfolio be used effectively during an interview to help you secure a teaching post?
In two weeks I will be in London interviewing and as always, many candidates will choose to bring a portfolio with them to the interview. But, what should the portfolio look like and how is it best used?
1: How to use the portfolio?
The portfolio is not a gift that you hand over as you leave the interview. It is a prop that you refer to throughout the interview to support your answers to questions. It should contain the materials needed to help you answer questions. Used correctly it can save that uncomfortable pause that happens as you search for the answer. As questions are asked you can be thinking whether your portfolio can help answer and if so your answer might begin “If I can just share with you …”
When you go to an interview, smart and formal is good advice for your own presentation. Apply the same to your portfolio. Make sure it is clearly organised into sections. Include titles and captions where possible. Try to avoid large fold out pages or an unwieldy A1 folder. Stick to A4 so it can easily be shared during the interview.
Keep to a manageable number of sections, I would suggest five. If there is too much content you risk disrupting the flow of the interview as you flick backwards and forwards trying to locate a specific page.
3: Getting the balance right
Your portfolio is a tool to support you during the interview. Overuse of the portfolio may make you look uncomfortable. The basics of interview technique including smiling and making eye contact are important. The portfolio is reached for at specific points in the interview to illustrate your answer. If the portfolio has been thoughtfully prepared you know which questions you wish to respond to with a ‘portfolio answer’.
4: Make your portfolio honest and personal
Answers that begin with “in my school we” or “what my school does is” are missed opportunities to present yourself at the interview. A poorly prepared portfolio can lead to the same missed opportunities. Don’t include one of your school policies unless you led the development of the policy and intend discussing that at interview. Include items that illustrate you as a teacher and the portfolio will be a useful tool during your interview. Dependent upon the school and the role you may have a fairly limited time to present yourself and the portfolio should be useful in illustrating what you are like outside of the formal interview room.
5: What to include
I suggest selecting five sections which allow you to showcase your work but focus on illustrating your answers to questions that may well be asked at interview. This may be dependent on the role for which you are applying. A middle management responsibility for example may dictate a slightly different portfolio content to that of class teacher. What you choose to include is personal as the portfolio is a showcase for you as a teacher. Suggestions for content might include five sections taken from the following:
– An example of your planning. For a primary post core curriculum planning is more likely to be relevant.
– Examples of displays that illustrate learning. This may not be the prettiest display you ever did but might include a working wall or any other example where the learning is clear.
– Copies of marked pupil work.
– Evidence of attainment of pupils you have taught. This may be a percentage of pupils achieving a specific level or making a specific progress.
– Photographs illustrating how you work in class. Groupings, pupil targets or even an annotated photograph of you working with a group of pupils.
– Strategies for dealing with behaviour. Be careful to take ownership of this by sharing something you suggested or put into place for a pupil. Avoid “in our school” type statements as these can detract from your own contribution. Make sure this is something you can describe the effectiveness of through evidence.
– Evidence of working with or leading colleagues.
– Evidence of extra-curricular activities that you have led. Remember that the most important aspect is always learning so make sure you focus on the learning that was achieved, even when talking about extra-curricular activities.
If you have other ideas about how a portfolio can be used or questions that you want answered then please do post them in the comments section.